RACCOON REMOVAL IN BALTIMORE COUNTY
If you have a Raccoon living in your home in Baltimore County give us a call at
443-417-3137 to schedule an appointment with one of our skilled Wildlife Control Technicians.
HABITS AND HABITAT
Raccoons are everywhere in Baltimore County and Baltimore City. They are very strong mammals that weigh between 15 to 40 pounds and have a body length between 2 to 3 feet (including the tail). Raccoons have distinct markings with bushy a tail that has rings of gray and black. They also have a black mask around the eyes which is the reason they are nick named bandits. Their thick fur is gray and black with a salt and pepper type appearance. Raccoons are nocturnal and are omnivorous, eating both plant and meat. Some of their favorite foods include fruits, berries, nuts, acorns, corn, grains, crayfish, clams, fish, frogs, snails, insects, turtles, eggs, baby birds, mice, snakes, and any other food they come across.
Raccoons prefer to live in wooded areas near a body of water. They typically den in hollow trees, ground burrows, brush piles, dens abandoned by other animals, barns, abandoned buildings, haystacks, rock crevices, attics, chimneys or high in treetops where they will pile leaf litter together.
Male Raccoons have a home range area of about 3 to 20 square miles, the female has a home range area of about 1 to 6 square miles. Males are territorial and their ranges overlap very little. Raccoons do not hibernate, but they do “hole up” in dens and become inactive during severe winter weather.
To learn more about raccoon removal and control visit Mid Atlantic Wildlife Control.
Usually less than half of the females will breed the year after their birth, whereas most adult females normally breed every year. Family groups of Raccoons usually remain together for the first year and the young will often den for the winter with the adult female. The family gradually separates during the following spring and the young become independent.
Raccoons breed from February to August but mainly in the early spring. Females are pregnant for about 63 days. Females only give birth to 1 litter of young per year with an average litter size between 3 to 5 young. The young first open their eyes between 2 to 3 weeks of age. Young Raccoons are weaned between 4 to 8 weeks old.
DO YOU HEAR NOISES IN THE ATTIC?
Hearing noises is a sure sign that you may have Raccoons in your attic. Raccoons are much heavier than other attic dwell species such as squirrels, mice, rats, birds, and opossums so the noise they make is louder. Noises Raccoons make in the attic are scratching, wining, babies crying and chattering. Raccoons are nocturnal so most noises they make will happen between the early evening to sun rise. However, they will at times roam around during the day time. If you hear heavy foot steps, thumping, or chatter in your attic then you probably have Raccoons in the attic.
Raccoons use other parts of a home for dening as well so noises may be coming from some place else other then the attic. Crawl spaces, wall voids, barns, ventilation systems, chimneys, under decks, under porches and sheds are the areas most commonly invaded by Raccoons for dening purposes.
I LIVE IN A TOWNHOUSE
Raccoons will den in all types of homes and buildings including townhouses. Many townhouses have attics that offer Raccoons a great sanctuary to den and raise their young. If your townhouses does not have an attic it will have a voided crawl space between the rooftop and the ceiling. Raccoons will comfortably den in these voided crawl spaces because they offer great protection from weather, predators, and people. In many cases Raccoons will den in walls and crawl spaces under a home or even in a basement when it’s accessible. Scratching, digging, crying, growling, and thumping noises are indications of invasive Raccoons no matter the where the noises are coming from.
Raccoons will access townhouse attic by climbing up trees that overhang rooftops and jumping onto the rooftops. Townhouses rooftops are connected together so if the Raccoon has access to your neighbors rooftop then the Raccoon has access to your rooftop.
I LIVE IN A SINGLE HOUSE
Single homes are every where in Baltimore County and even Baltimore City. Raccoons can easily gain access to a single homes attic by climbing up a tree that is close to the home or climbing up the sides of the home it self. Single homes offer Raccoons a great place to safely den and raise their young. They will enter through eves, soffits, fascia boards, chimneys, porch roofs, vents, and any other area they can access. Raccoons will use existing gaps and openings to access your attic. Raccoons will also chew and dig through your rooftop to gain access to your attic. If you have small gaps and openings around your rooftop Raccoons may make them larger by chewing and digging at them to access your attic. Raccoons do not need a large opening to access your attic, if their head fits in the gap or hole then the body will also fit through.
Raccoons like to den in chimneys, crawl spaces, under porches, in sheds, and any other secluded area they can access. They often den in chimneys because they can climb up the sides of any chimney that is constructed out of brick or stone. The rough surface of the interior part of a chimney makes it easy for Raccoons to climb up and down. Raccoons typically will den behind the damper on top of the fire box. If you discovery Raccoons in your chimney do not start a fire in your fireplace. Starting a fire in your fire place will not run the Raccoons out of your chimney, it will however cause the Raccoons to come over whelmed by smoke and heat and they will die in your chimney. Dead Raccoons in your chimney will cause a horrible oder that will stay in your home for many months. It is very difficult and costly to remove a dead Raccoon from a chimney.
WHY RACCOONS ENTER HOMES
Raccoons are excellent climbers do to their sharp claws and very strong body. They can easily climb up any tree and can even climb up the side of many homes. Attic and crawl spaces make great den sites for Raccoons however Raccoons will den in any area that provides seclusion, protection from predators, and protection from weather.
HOW RACCOONS ENTER HOMES
Raccoons are very intelligent , once they figure out where the most vulnerable place is on your home, they rip through it to access their new den. Raccoons are known for bending open vents so they can fit their body through it, they also rip open soffits, fascia boards, drip edging and eves to access attics. Raccoons will den in chimneys that are not capped off with animal proof chimney caps. It is not a good idea to start a fire in your fire place if Raccoons are dening in your chimney. The fire will not chase them out of the chimney top it will however overwhelm the Raccoon with smoke and cause them to die in the chimney. If the Raccoon dies in your chimney it will cause a very bad oder in your home for many months and it will be almost imposable to remove the carcass which will cost you a lot more money then if you just had a professional trap them and put an animal proof chimney cap on. Raccoons will enter crawl spaces and basements. If a Raccoon can fit its body through a vulnerable area around the foundation of your home they will investigate the area and sometimes make it their permanent den.
DAMAGE RACCOONS CAUSE TO YOUR HOME
Raccoons are very destructive animals. The longer they are in your attic the more damage is caused and the more costly it can be for the cleanup and repairs. Raccoons will saturate your attic insulation with urine and feces causing a very smelly mess and a huge health hazard. The Urine and feces will also stain your ceiling that is under the attic insulation. They will defecate on everything in the attic including personal belongings that are stored in your attic. Raccoons they will also rip apart ventilation systems, roofs, roof singles, electrical wiring, light fixtures, heat pumps, insulation, walls and ceilings. Below are photos of damage caused by Raccoons in the same attic.
This is a photo of ROMEX electrical wiring in an attic that has been chewed on by a Raccoon living in the attic. 25% of all house fires in the United States are caused by animals chewing on electrical wires. Raccoons cause a tremendous amount of damage to homes and safety hazards to the humans living in the homes, it is always best to have the Raccoons evicted and excluded from your attic as soon as possible. If you have Raccoons in your attic contact us at 443-417-3137.
The above photo is from the same attic that has the electrical wiring damage. The insulation in this photo is saturated with Raccoon urine and feces and is now ineffective and will no longer protect this home from cold temperatures. The Raccoon feces in this attic is full of Raccoon Roundworms, Giardiasis, Leptospiroses, and other parasites (see parasites and diseases below) presenting a dangerous health hazard the humans living here. It is never a good idea to let Raccoons permanently live in your attic. If you suspect Raccoons are living in your attic call a professional wildlife control company immediately. Give Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Control a call at 443-417-3137 to inspect your attic for invasive wildlife and damages.
Another photo from the same attic shows bald spots where Raccoons have ripped up insulation and rearrange it. Urine stains will appear on the ceiling of the upper lever of your home when Raccoons urinate on the sheet rock floor in attics. Once the urine has saturated the sheet rock it holds the musky odor of the urine causing your home to smell very bad. The only way to get rid of the smell is to rip down the sheet rock ceiling and replace it with new sheet rock. This is another good reason why it is always best to call a wildlife control professional to evict the Raccoons as soon as you are aware they have moved in to your attic. The longer they are in your attic the more damage they do.
This is another photo from the same attic showing bald spots where insulation has been ripped up and moved by Raccoons. You can see in the far back that the Raccoons piled up the insulation and made a cozy bed.
This is another photo of the same house, not only did they damage the attic space but they damaged the siding as well. Raccoons have very strong bodies and are climbing up the corner of this house to enter the attic through an opening in the vinyl siding that the Raccoons created by bending back the edge of the siding. The oily stains and paw prints on the siding of this house is a clear indication of how and where the Raccoons are entering this home. This is proof that Raccoons not only enter through pre-existing holes but can create an entry point on their own when they really want to get in.
This is another view of the entry point Raccoons created by bending back the siding edge to access the attic. This opening is only 3” inches wide proving that Raccoons do not need a big opening to access an attic. If the Raccoon is able to fit their head through the opening then they will be able to fit the rest of their body through the opening.
PARASITES AND DISEASES RACCOONS CARRY
Raccoons carry infectious diseases that can be transmitted to humans and domestic animals when they have been in contact with raccoons or Raccoon feces. Raccoons can also shed viruses, bacteria and parasites that humans and domestic animals can become infected with. Humans should never handle Raccoons or their feces without protection and appropriate training.
Humans and domestic animals can become infected with diseases, bacteria and parasites when humans are exposed to a Raccoons bodily secretions, saliva, urine, and feces or when bitten or scratched. When a Raccoon defecates and urinates on anything the surrounding environment and area becomes contaminated. Any area that a Raccoon uses as a den is also contaminated. People who handle raccoons, who are bitten, scratched or exposed to their feces, should be aware of the potential health hazards.
Rabies: Raccoons can carry the rabies virus. Rabies is a virus that is spread by contact with the saliva of an infected animal or by being bitten by an animal that is infected. Raccoons are one of the most common species to carry rabies. In 2010 their were 18 cases of rabies in York County. Rabies is nearly always fatal once the symptoms appear. If you have had contact with or have been bitten by a Raccoon you must seek medical attention immediately.
Raccoon Roundworm (Baylisascaris Procyonis): Raccoon Roundworms are a parasite found in the intestines of Raccoons. There can be hundreds and millions of Roundworm eggs in Raccoon feces. Humans that have ingested the eggs can become infected with roundworms after the eggs incubate for 2 to 4 week. Exposure to Raccoon feces handling Raccoons, or simply having Raccoons living in your attic or crawl space can cause you to contract Raccoon Roundworms. If you have contracted Raccoon Roundworms you will be susceptible to a serious disease known as Visceral Larval Migrans which is an infection of the central nervous system. Oral ingestion of eggs in various stages is the primary route of human exposure. Roundworm eggs can be easily ingested when humans put their hands where Raccoons have been and then place their hands on their face. Some roundworms can infect humans through the skin. When humans are in a closed in environment they may ingest the Roundworm eggs by breathing them in.
Giardiasis: The Giardia species is a microscopic protazoal infection that can be transmitted from Raccoons to humans and domestic animals. Raccoons can carry this organism in their feces and contaminate water, soil and surfaces. Humans can contract Giardia by ingesting the parasite by contact with contaminated surfaces and handling Raccoon feces. Infected humans and domestic animals can develop severe diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms.
Leptospirosis: Leptospira species is a bacterial infection that many animals and humans can contract and transmit. There are several different species of Leptospira that are found in wildlife, which is the primary source of contamination of the environment with these bacteria. Raccoons can shed Leptospirosis in their urine and secretions. Exposure of these excretions to open wounds or orally can cause infection to humans.
Other Diseases: Other bacterial diseases such as Salmonella or E. Coli, fungus and rare parasites can also be a risk for illness in humans. People who handle, feed and clean up waste should be aware of the potential health hazards and practice aggressive hygiene and sanitation to prevent exposure of skin, eyes, mouth and body to infection. Physicians can assess individuals who may have been exposed and recommend appropriate actions to prevent disease.
FLEAS are very common on the Raccoons. If Raccoons are in your attic fleas will eventually make their way down into the living space of your home. Once fleas have established their selves and have a food source they will multiple by the hundreds and become a very annoying pest problem. The most effective way to get rid of fleas is to contact a professional pest control company. If you have fleas call Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Control at 443-417-3137.
WHAT WE CAN DO TO RESOLVE YOUR RACCOON PROBLEMS
Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Control offers solutions proven to work. Our Wildlife Control Technicians are experienced and have been trained the nations leading expert in nuisance wildlife control techniques. If you have a Raccoon problem our technicians will perform a detailed inspection and discover any entry points that the Raccoons are using to access your home. Our Technicians will also locate the den site and any damage that the Raccoons have caused. We combined live capture trapping with eviction methods that will prevent re-entry by future Raccoons.
If Raccoons are using your chimney for a den site our technicians can extract both adults and babies from your chimney and put an animal proof chimney cap on the top to prevent future Raccoon entry. Our animal proof chimney caps also protect your chimney from squirrels, bats, birds and the weather. We have custom made eviction devices that allow Raccoons to exit your attic and not re-enter. After the Raccoons have left your attic we seal up the entry points so future Raccoons are not enticed to enter your attic.
Depending on how much damage has been done by the Raccoons your attic may need all of the insulation removed once the Raccoons are evicted or your attic may only need a small area cleaned. We provide attic cleanouts that will rid your home from any health hazards caused by the Raccoons den in your attic. We remove all soiled insulation and any personal items that may be contaminated by Raccoon feces and urine. Any ventilation systems that are contaminated are professionally cleaned to remove any health hazards.
We offer animal proof exclusion barriers. If Raccoons are getting into your crawl space, shed or under porches and decks our animal proof exclusion barriers will prevent them from entering that area. Animal proof exclusion barriers provide a secure concealment that blocks Raccoons from that area.
If you have Raccoons or any other wildlife species invading your home give Mid-Atlantic Wildlife Control a call and we will dispatch a technician to resolve your pesky problem.
SERVICES WE OFFER TO RESOLVE YOU RACCOON PROBLEMS
- Live capture trapping
- Attic cleanouts
- Live capture trapping
- Attic cleanouts
- Disinfectants and sanitizers
- Oder elimination
- Animal proof vent covers
- Animal proof gutter guards
- Animal proof chimney caps
- Complete damage repair including insurance claims
COMMUNITIES WE SERVE IN BALTIMORE
- Baltimore City
- Baltimore Highlands
- Bowleys Quarters
- Mays Chapel
- Middle River
- Milford Mill
- Owings Mills
- Perry Hall
- White Marsh
To learn more about wildlife control visit Mid Atlantic Wildlife Control or call a skilled technician today 443-417-3137. A professional is waiting to help. Call Today and get rid of your pesky problem!